Energy systems in Europe and worldwide are transforming towards renewable and distributed power generation. With the increase of generation from renewable energy sources (RES) such as wind power and photovoltaics (PV) the variability of generation also increases dramatically. The electrification of transportation and heating systems, and their sector integration with the power grid provides great potential for demand-side flexibility management (DSFM). The heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems in different consumer sectors (i.e., residential, public, service, and industry) are a great source for DSF also.
However, despite the progress in electrification, ICT technologies, and standards, a major barrier still prevents DSFM business at a large scale. The problem is that it is still not cost-efficient to harness flexibility from distributed and small-scale assets such as homes/buildings and EV charging, because there is a lack of a software framework that provides modular building blocks for the development of RM/CEM and their aggregation solutions in a plug-and-play manner.
There are two main needs this software framework should address:
Interoperable, secure, and cost-efficient data exchange: A common system architecture and semantic-level interoperability between the functional components are the key building blocks for the development of highly replicable DSFM systems.
Automated modelling and control of flexible assets: Traditionally, DR has been used for shifting/shaping peak loads to avoid bottlenecks in distribution networks, as well as, to make it easier to balance loads at the transmission system level. However, when we replace controllable power plants with RES, DSF needs to become the main balancing method.
The RESONANCE project will address these needs with a twofold approach. First, we provide a narrow-waist approach for interoperability that builds upon open application programming interfaces (APIs) and existing standards. This makes it possible to reduce the entry barriers and costs related to communication and data exchange both within customer premises and with the aggregators/markets. Second, we develop an innovative automated modelling pipeline for flexible assets that enables the development of optimal models and MPC systems with minimal human effort. This allows SMEs, start-ups, and industry to model and manage the flexibility from the smart appliances in a plug-and-play manner.